Monday, May 31, 2021

Artist of the Day, May 31, 2021: Dale Chihuly, an American glass sculptor and entrepreneur (#1297)

 Dale Chihuly (1941) is an American glass sculptor and entrepreneur. His works are considered to possess outstanding artistic merit in the field of blown glass, "moving it into the realm of large-scale sculpture." The technical difficulties of working with glass forms are considerable, yet Chihuly uses it as the primary medium for installations and environmental artwork.

Dale Patrick Chihuly was born in Tacoma, Washington. His parents were George and Viola Chihuly; his paternal grandfather was born in Slovakia. In 1956, his older brother and only sibling, George, died in a Navy aviation training accident in Pensacola, Florida. Two years later, in 1958, Chihuly's father died of a heart attack at the age of 51.

Chihuly had no interest in continuing his formal education after graduating from Woodrow Wilson High School in 1959. However, at his mother's urging, he enrolled at the College of Puget Sound. A year later, he transferred to the University of Washington in Seattle to study interior design. In 1961, he joined the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Kappa Epsilon chapter), and the same year he learned how to melt and fuse glass. Chihuly became bored with his studies, and in 1962 he dropped out of the university to study art in Florence. He later traveled to the Middle East where he met architect Robert Landsman. Their meeting and his time abroad spurred Chihuly to return to his studies. In 1963, he took a weaving class where he incorporated glass shards into tapestries. He received an award for his work from the Seattle Weavers Guild in 1964. Chihuly graduated from the University of Washington in 1965 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in interior design.

Chihuly began experimenting with glassblowing in 1965, and in 1966 he received a full scholarship to attend the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He studied under Harvey Littleton, who had established the first glass program in the United States at the university. In 1967, Chihuly received a Master of Science degree in sculpture. After graduating, he enrolled at the Rhode Island School of Design, where he met and became close friends with Italo Scanga. Chihuly earned a Master of Fine Arts degree in sculpture from the RISD in 1968. That same year, he was awarded a Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation grant for his work in glass, as well as a Fulbright Fellowship. He traveled to Venice to work at the Venini factory on the island of Murano, where he first saw the team approach to blowing glass. After returning to the United States, Chihuly spent the first of four consecutive summers teaching at the Haystack Mountain School of Crafts in Deer Isle, Maine. In 1969, he traveled to Europe, in part to meet Erwin Eisch in Germany and Stanislav Libenský and Jaroslava Brychtová in Czechoslovakia. Chihuly donated a portion of a large exhibit to his alma mater, the University of Wisconsin, in 1997 and it is on permanent display in the Kohl Center. In 2013 the University awarded him a Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts.

In 1971, with the support of John Hauberg and Anne Gould Hauberg, Chihuly cofounded the Pilchuck Glass School near Stanwood, Washington. Chihuly also founded the HillTop Artists program in Tacoma, Washington at Jason Lee Middle School and Wilson High School.

In 1976, while Chihuly was in England, he was involved in a head-on car accident during which he was propelled through the windshield. His face was severely cut by glass and he was blinded in his left eye. After recovering, he continued to blow glass until he dislocated his right shoulder in 1979 while bodysurfing. No longer able to hold the glassblowing pipe, he hired others to do the work. Chihuly explained the change in a 2006 interview, saying "Once I stepped back, I liked the view," and pointed out that it allowed him to see the work from more perspectives and enabled him to anticipate problems earlier. Chihuly's role has been described as "more choreographer than dancer, more supervisor than participant, more director than actor." San Diego Union-Tribune reporter Erin Glass wrote that she "wonders at the vision of not just the artist Chihuly, but the very successful entrepreneur Chihuly, whose estimated sales by 2004 was reported by The Seattle Times as $29 million." Chihuly and his team of artists were the subjects of the documentary Chihuly Over Venice. They were also featured in the documentary Chihuly in the Hotshop, syndicated to public television stations by American Public Television.

For his exhibition in Jerusalem, Israel in 2000, in addition to the glass pieces, he had enormous blocks of transparent ice brought in from an Alaskan artesian well and formed a wall, echoing the stones of the nearby Citadel. Lights with color gels were set up behind them for illumination. Chihuly said the melting wall represented the "dissolution of barriers" between people. This exhibit holds the world record for most visitors to a temporary exhibit with more than 1.3 million visitors.

Chihuly's largest permanent exhibit can be found at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art. Chihuly maintains two retail stores in partnership with MGM Resorts International. One is located at the Bellagio on the Las Vegas Strip, the other at the MGM Grand Casino in Macau. A number of other galleries also carry his pieces. He also has a gallery in Las Vegas in the Crystals in the Las Vegas City Center in Gallery Row. In 1983 Chihuly returned to his native Pacific Northwest where he continued to develop his own work at the Pilchuck Glass School, which he had helped to found in 1971. Throughout the 1970s, influenced by the great glassblowing tradition of Murano, Chihuly experimented with the team approach to glassblowing. Working with a team of master glassblowers and assistants has enabled him to produce architectural glass art of a scale and quantity unimaginable working alone or with only one assistant. In 2010 the Space Needle Corporation submitted a proposal for an exhibition of Chihuly's work at a site in the Seattle Center, in competition with proposals for other uses from several other groups.

© 2021. All content on this blog is protected by international copyright laws All images are copyrighted © by Dale Chihuly or assignee. Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, the use of any image from this site is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. All images used for illustrative purposes only


 Dale Chihuly

 Dale Chihuly at work

  Orange Hornet Chandelier 1993

 Lackawanna Ikebana, Union Station, Tacoma, Washington, 1994

 Monarch Window Station, Tacoma, Washington, 1994

 Orange Piccolo Venetian with Black Leaf and Coils 1994

 Danube Green Macchia with Lemon Yellow Lip Wrap 1995

 The Boat (detail), Nuutajärvi, Finland, 1995


  Carnival Persian Set 2000

 Orient Pink Persian Set with Fern Lip Wraps 2000

 Imperial Blue Ikebana with Green Frog Foot Stems 2002

Sea Blue and Green Tower, Clinton Presidential Library and Museum
Little Rock, Arkansas, 2014 Installation

 Black Venetian with Ruby Flowers 2006

 Onyx Venetian with Gilded Leaves 2006

 Desert Towers, Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, 2008


Float Boat, 2008, The Sun, 2003, and Red Reeds, 2009
Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, installed 2010

 Black and White Basket Drawing 2011

 Galena Cobalt Ikebana with Olivene Stems 2012

 Purple White Cylinder with Drawing 2012

212 Silvered Rose Ikebana with Silver Stem and Yellow Flower 2012

 Aquamarine Piccolo Venetian with Indigo Coils 2013


 Fiori Boat, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, Florida, 2014


 Chandelier Drawing 2015

 Toyama Persian Ceiling, Toyama Glass Art Museum, Japan, 2015


 Basket Light Drawing 2017

  Green and Russet Seaform Trio 2017

Ikebana Glass on Glass Painting 2017

Ikebana Glass on Glass Painting 2017


 Black and White Seaform Set 2018

 Ethereal White Persian Pond (detail)
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, 2018

 Garnet Flame Basket with Drawing Shard 2018

 Golden Celadon Basket Set with Drawing Shard 2018

 Ikebana Light Drawing 2018

 Opal and Amber Towers, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, 2018

 Radiant Yellow Icicle Chandelier
Groninger Museum, Groningen, Netherlands, 2018

 Turquoise and Gilded Sconce 2018


 Ikebana Light Drawing 2019

 Merletto Basket Set 2019

Rotolo 70 2019

Rotolo 84 2019

Sunset Chandelier
Franklin Park Conservatory and Botanical Gardens, Columbus, Ohio, 2019


Saturday, May 29, 2021

Artist of the Day, May 29, 2021: Sérgio Odeith, a Portugese muralist, painter, graffiti artist (#1296)

 Sérgio ‘Odeith’ (1976) was born in Damaia (Portugal). It was in the mid-1980s when he used a spray can for the first time. He painted some signatures and doodles on his neighborhood walls. But only in the mid-1990s, Sérgio had his first contact with graffiti, while some graffiti writers painted outside their neighborhood (Carcavelos), where graffiti had a strong movement. His first experiments were to paint illegally on the street walls and mostly on the railway lines of the Sintra line. The passion he has always shown for drawing has found a new purpose. The evolution was impressive due to the dedication to painting large-scale murals in Damaia, Carcavelos, and in many poor neighborhoods of Amadora city.

Sérgio dropped out of school at the age of 15. Without any school graduation or art lessons, he never gave up, all his knowledge about art was entirely self-taught. After several years painting street murals with the name “Eith”, it was in 2003 that he created the name “Odeith”. In 2005, he began his path to international recognition as a result of his innovative pieces using the anamorphosis technique. Most of Odeith compositions painted in 90º corners or flat walls truly create a 3D optical illusion effect.

A dark style of anamorphosis, which he later called “Somber 3D”. Authentic compositions of huge insects or objects, painted in abandoned spaces became viral and stood out for their realism and technique.

Later, in 2008, he closed his tattoo shop (opened in 1999) and moved to London. Currently in Lisbon, Odeith focuses exclusively on studio work and walls.

© 2021. All content on this blog is protected by international copyright laws All images are copyrighted © by Sérgio "Odeith". Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, the use of any image from this site is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. All images used for illustrative purposes only

 Sérgio ‘Odeith’

 Darwin Street art festival 2019

Abandoned semi truck

 Abandoned semi truck before and after

Anamorphic abandoned train carriage

Anamorphic abandoned train carriage

Clown caravan

Clown caravan

 Huge Colorado potato beetle

Huge Colorado potato beetle

Huge sphere

Street Art realistic 3d graffiti

Street Art realistic 3d graffiti

 Street Art realistic 3d graffiti

 Street Art realistic 3d graffiti

Street Art realistic 3d graffiti

Wrecked bus

 3 Angels, Amadora, 2020

 Frog, Heathrow Airport, 2020

 Lisbon and Sardines, 2021

Big rooster

Bird on wild angle

 Cemented car painting

Chameleon box

Deformed calligraphy

Fake shelf

Hidden statue

Leopard moth

Hyena man

Leopard Spidemic Sound

 Light music - Amadora

Montana gold can wrapped with plastic

Odeith and mud wasp

Painting of bird in a hole

 Piece in Alentejo Alandroal

Ram Skull