Tuesday, November 30, 2021

Artist of the Day, November 30, 2021: Saul Bass, an American graphic designer (#1431)

 Saul Bass  (1920-1996) really has done it all. Films. Packaging. Products. Architecture. Corporate identification. Graphics. His work surrounds us. Pick up the telephone and you're hard-pressed not to recall Bass's ubiquitous Bell System symbol and look. Take a plane—United, Continental, Frontier: Saul Bass. Go to a film—Psycho, Anatomy of a Murder, Exodus, Spartacus, The Man With the Golden Arm, Such Good Friends: Saul Bass. In the supermarket or in the kitchen—Wesson, Quaker, Alcoa, Lawry's, Dixie: Saul Bass. Relax with a magazine, read a book, watch TV, take some pictures—Saturday Evening Post, Warner, Minolta: Saul Bass. Give to charity—The United Way, Girl Scouts: Saul Bass.

Saul Bass was born in the Bronx, New York, to Eastern European Jewish immigrant parents. He graduated from James Monroe High School in the Bronx and studied part-time at the Art Students League in Manhattan until attending night classes with György Kepes at Brooklyn College.

He began his time in Hollywood in the 1940s, designing print advertisements for films including Champion (1949), Death of a Salesman (1951) and The Moon Is Blue (1953), directed by Otto Preminger. His next collaboration with Preminger was to design a film poster for his 1954 film Carmen Jones. Preminger was so impressed with Bass's work that he asked him to produce the title sequence as well. This was when Bass first saw the opportunity to create a title sequence which would ultimately enhance the experience of the audience and contribute to the mood and the theme of the movie within the opening moments. Bass was one of the first to realize the creative potential of the opening and closing credits of a movie.

Saul Bass designed emblematic movie posters that transformed the visuals of film advertising. Before Bass’s seminal poster for The Man with the Golden Arm (1955), movie posters were dominated by depictions of key scenes or characters from the film, often both juxtaposed with each other. Bass’s posters, however, typically developed simplified, symbolic designs that visually communicated key essential elements of the film. For example, his poster for The Man with the Golden Arm, with a jagged arm and off-kilter typography, starkly communicates the protagonist's struggle with heroin addiction. Bass's iconic Vertigo (1958) poster, with its stylized figures sucked down into the nucleus of a spiral vortex, captures the anxiety and disorientation central to the film. His poster for Anatomy of a Murder (1959), featuring the silhouette of a corpse jarringly dissected into seven pieces, makes both a pun on the film’s title and captures the moral ambiguities within which this court room drama is immersed.

He created some of his best known posters for films directed by Otto Preminger, Alfred Hitchcock, Billy Wilder, and Stanley Kubrick among others. His last commissioned film poster was created for Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List (1993), but it was never distributed. His poster work spanned five decades and inspired numerous other poster and graphic designers. Bass's film posters are characterized by a distinctive typography and minimalistic style.

Bass was responsible for some of the best-remembered, most iconic logos in North America, including both the Bell Telephone logo (1969) and successor AT&T globe (1983). Other well-known designs were Continental Airlines (1968), Dixie (1969) and United Airlines (1974). Later, he would produce logos for a number of Japanese companies as well.

© 2021. All content on this blog is protected by international copyright laws All images are copyrighted © by Saul Bass or assignee. Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, the use of any image from this site is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. All images used for illustrative purposes only

 Mr. Saul Bass

At the Academy Awards

Anatomy of a Murder Movie poster

Saint Joan Movie poster

West Side Story Movie poster

The Shining Movie poster

 The Man with the Golden arm Movie poster

Such good friends Movie poster

Two 0f us Movie poster

Anatomy of a Murder Movie poster

 Exodus Movie poster

The Amazing Spiderman Movie poster

Mad Mad World Movie poster

The Human Factor Movie poster

Mistery Movie poster

Bonjour Tristesse Movie poster

 Bunny Lake Movie poster

Vertigo Movie poster

North by Northwest Movie poster

Cherry Martini poster

7 year Itch Poster

AT&T Identity

Pan Am Identity

Quaker Oats Company Identity

 United Airlines identity

Continental Airlines Identity

 United Way Identity

22 Warner Music Group logo

 NCR Identity

 Alcoa Identity

Some of Saul Bass logos


Monday, November 29, 2021

Artist of the Day, November 29, 2021: Ronnie Tjampitjinpa, an Australian Artist (Aboriginal Indigenous artist) (#1430

 Ronnie Tjampitjinpa’s (1943) art is a good representation of the characteristic Pintupi style: repetition of forms, which are geometric, simple and bold, and pigments which are often restricted to four basic colours of black, red, yellow and white. But Ronnie experiments with other colours as well. Ronnie's work follows the Pintupi style of strong circles joined together by connecting lines relating to the people, country (geographical map) and the Dreamtime. Tingari may be poetically interpreted as song-line paintings relating to the songs (of the people) and creation stories (of places) in Pintupi mythology. Ronnie can be considered amongst the first wave of artists effectively linking such ancient stories with modern mediums.

Ronnie Tjampitjinpawas born at Tjiturrunya, in Western Australia. Following an extended drought in the 1950s, Ronnie's family moved to Haasts Bluff and then on to Papunya where he grew up.

Papunya was a government experiment under the policy of assimilation where mixtures of tribes were thrown together into one community. It was hardly an ideal way to grow up and gave rise to the desire of Ronnie and many other Pintupi artists and residents to move back to there home lands. Whilst in Papunya, Ronnie started painting in the early to mid 1970s. He moved to Kintore in the 1980s, shortly after its establishment, fulfilling his dream.

Ronnie's style tends towards simple, geometric shapes and bold lines. He explores the themes of water dreaming, bushfire dreaming and the Tingari cycle. Tingari are the legendary beings of the Pintupi people that travelled the desert performing rituals, teaching law, creating landforms and shaping what would become ceremonial sites. As far as we can know, the meanings behind Tingari paintings are multi-layered, however, those meaning are not available to the uninitiated.

Ronnie Tjampitjinpa was the winner of the 1988 Alice Springs Art Prize and is shown in numerous major public and private galleries worldwide. He is married to Mary Brown Napangardi and currently spends his time between Alice Springs and his home in Kintore.

© 2021. All content on this blog is protected by international copyright laws All images are copyrighted © by Ronnie Tjampitjinpa. Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, the use of any image from this site is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. All images used for illustrative purposes only

 Ronnie Tjampitjinpa

 Ronnie at work

Ronnie in his studio

 Tingari Story at Walungurru, 1981

 Fire Dreaming, 1985

 Pitjara dreaming (Site of Tjiterulnga), 1990

 Pinarri, 1992

 Two Boys at Wilkinkarra (Lake Mackay), 1992

1993 Journey of the Tingari Men to Tikari, 1993

Untitled, 1994

Untitled, 1995

 Men's Ceremony, Montardi, 1996

 Tingari Cycle, 1997

 Untitled (Tingari motifs), 1997

 Untitled (Tingari motifs and snake), 1997

 Tingari Cycle, 1998

 Untitled, 1998

 Tingari Cycle, 2001

 Tjuantjuintja, 2001

 Untitled, 2001

 Travels of the Tingari Ancestors, 2002

 Untitled, 2002

 Tingari Cycle, 2003

 Tingari Squares, 2005

 Tingari, 2005

 Snake Dreaming, 2006

 Tingari Cycle, 2006

  Untitled, 2007

 Tingari, 2007

 Tingari, 2007

 Waru Tjukurrpa (Fire Dreaming), 2007

 Water Dreaming, 2007

 Tingari fire dreaming at Wilkinkarra, 2008

 Untitled, 2008

 Tjintjintjin, 2009

 Untitled, 2012