Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Artist of the day, December 31: Murray Favro, a Canadian sculptor (#878)

Murray Favro (1940) is a Canadian sculptor who lives in London, Ontario. His work that includes drawing, sculpture, performance, and installation, often incorporating slide and film projections, lighting effects, computer, and electronic technology. He is associated with London Regionalism.

Favro's work deals with the nature of perception, reality, and art itself, as well as with the insistent presence of the machine environment. He is an important figure among a significant generation of artists – Jack Chambers, Greg Curnoe and Ron Martin among them – who became active in that city in the early 1960s and drew national attention as the London Regionalism|London Regionalist School of artists. He is also well known as a founding member of the Nihilist Spasm Band.

From 1958 to 1962, he studied at H.B. Beal Technical and Commercial School, after which he enrolled in the specialized art classes offered at Beal (at the time, one of the few training schools for artists in Canada). Early on, he showed an interest in machines of all kinds, an interest that was encouraged by an uncle who was a tinkerer and inventor.

Favro began his career painting brightly colored works on masonite. A Canada Council Arts Bursary in 1970 allowed him to devote himself to quit painting to pursue his other interests – guitars, machines, airplanes, and experiments with film images and inventions. That year he developed his first successful "projected reconstruction," in which images on a slide are projected onto their wooden, white, life-sized counterparts, giving them color, detail, and identity.

The formative years of Favro’s practice in the 1960s were marked by a growing desire to collapse the boundaries between art and life. In contrast to Andy Warhol’s Factory led the American Pop Art movement of the period, Favro resisted the mass-produced image and object. He was determined instead to build, even replicate, his own ‘things’ from the materials at hand, repurposing the readymade and reasserting the relationship between object and maker.

Favro's work has been acquired for numerous public galleries and countless private collections across Canada, and has twice been the focus of comprehensive exhibitions, organized by the Art Gallery of Ontario (1983) and collaboratively by the former London Regional Art and Historical Museums and the McIntosh Gallery (1998). In 1997, he received the Gershon Iskowitz Award for career achievement. He is a 2007 recipient of the Governor General's Award in Visual and Media Arts. He is a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.

© 2019. All content on this blog is protected by international copyright laws All images are copyrighted © by Murray Favro. Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, the use of any image from this site is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. All images used for illustrative purposes only

Mr. Murray Favro
1966, Clunk
1970, Light bulbs
1970, Washing machine
1979, Welded steel guitar
1979-83, Sabre jet, 55% Size
1982, Guitar
1982, Guitar
1982, Guitar drawings
1984, Guitar #4
1984, Guitar #4
1993, Guitar #2
1993, Guitar #1
1994, Snow on steps
1995-96, Hydro pole
1997-08, Lever and wheel
1997-98, Wooden anvil
1998, Tools
1999, Vise
2000, SD40 diesel engine
2000, SD40 diesel engine
2001, Installation view of Construction Compulsion
2001, Installation view of Construction Compulsion
2006, Technical drawing
2010 Lathe assembly
2010, Lathe installation
2010, Lawnmower
2010, Shavers
2011, My version of a conventional shaped guitar
2013, Tracks
2014, Vice and sketch

Monday, December 30, 2019

Artist of the day, December 30: Salvador Dalí, a Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker (#877)

Salvador Dalí,( in full Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domenech) (1904-1989), was a Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker, influential for his explorations of subconscious imagery.

As an art student in Madrid and Barcelona, Dalí assimilated a vast number of artistic styles and displayed unusual technical facility as a painter. It was not until the late 1920s, however, that two events brought about the development of his mature artistic style: his discovery of Sigmund Freud’s writings on the erotic significance of subconscious imagery and his affiliation with the Paris Surrealists, a group of artists and writers who sought to establish the “greater reality” of the human subconscious over reason. To bring up images from his subconscious mind, Dalí began to induce hallucinatory states in himself by a process he described as “paranoiac critical.”

Once Dalí hit on that method, his painting style matured with extraordinary rapidity, and from 1929 to 1937 he produced the paintings which made him the world’s best-known Surrealist artist. He depicted a dream world in which commonplace objects are juxtaposed, deformed, or otherwise metamorphosed in a bizarre and irrational fashion. Dalí portrayed those objects in meticulous, almost painfully realistic detail and usually placed them within bleak sunlit landscapes that were reminiscent of his Catalonian homeland. Perhaps the most famous of those enigmatic images is The Persistence of Memory (1931), in which limp melting watches rest in an eerily calm landscape. With the Spanish director Luis Buñuel, Dalí made two Surrealistic films—Un Chien Andalou (1929; An Andalusian Dog) and L’Âge d'Or (1930; The Golden Age)—that are similarly filled with grotesque but highly suggestive images.

In the late 1930s, Dalí switched to painting in a more-academic style under the influence of the Renaissance painter Raphael. His ambivalent political views during the rise of fascism alienated his Surrealist colleagues, and he was eventually expelled from the group. Thereafter, he spent much of his time designing theatre sets, interiors of fashionable shops, and jewelry as well as exhibiting his genius for flamboyant self-promotional stunts in the United States, where he lived from 1940 to 1955. In the period from 1950 to 1970, Dalí painted many works with religious themes, though he continued to explore erotic subjects, to represent childhood memories, and to use themes centering on his wife, Gala. Notwithstanding their technical accomplishments, those later paintings are not as highly regarded as the artist’s earlier works. The most interesting and revealing of Dalí’s books is The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí (1942).

© 2019. All content on this blog is protected by international copyright laws All images are copyrighted © by Salvador Dalí or assignee. Apart from fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, the use of any image from this site is prohibited unless prior written permission is obtained. All images used for illustrative purposes only

Mr. Salvador Dalí

Salvador Dalí with his wife and frequent model, Gala
1918-19, View of Portdogué
1922, Still life (Pulso y Scorpa)
1923, Portrait of my sister
1924, Bouquet (L'important c'est la rose)
1924, Still life (Sandia)
1925, Venus and Sailor
1926, Femme couchée
1926, Girl with curls
1927, Apparatus and hand
1928, L'ane pourri
1928, The Ram (Vache spectrale)
1929, The Great Masturbator
1930, Dormeuse, cheval, lion invisibles
1930, the hand
1931, The Persistence of Memory
1932, Suez
1932, The Invisible Man
1932-34, Untitled (Persistence of fair weather
1933, Myself at the age of ten when I was the grasshopper child

1933-34, Meditation on the harp
1934, Surrealist poster
1934, The Ghost of Vermeer of Death which can be used as a table
1935, The Echo of the Vold
1936-36, Paranoia
1937, Sleep
1938, Enchanted beach with three fluid graces
1938, Lobster Telephone
1942, Portrait of Dorothy Spreckels Munn
1942, The Sheep
1942-54, The Disintegration of the persistence of memory
1944, Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening
1944, Sentimental Colloquy
1945, Autumn Sonata
1945, The broken bridge and the dream
1946, The Temptation of St. Anthony
1947-49, Lada Atomica
1951, Women forming a skull
1952, Eucharistic still life
1956, Nature Morte Vivante
1958, Velasquez painting the infanta margarita with the lights and shadows of his own glory
1958-59, The discovery of America by Christopher Columbus
1960, The ecumenical council
1963, Portrait of my dead brother
1969-70, The Hallucinogenic toreador
1973-74, Christ of St. John
1976, Abraham lincoln Hommage to Rothko (Second version)
Retrospective Bust of a Woman