Rudolf Hausner (1914-1995) was an Austrian painter, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. Of Jewish origins, Hausner studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna from 1931 until 1936.
In 1944, Hausner married Irene Schmied. During the last days of the second world war he was assigned to an air defense unit. After the war, he returned to his bomb-damaged studio and resumed work as an artist. In 1946 he founded a surrealist group together with Edgar Jené, Ernst Fuchs, Wolfgang Hutter and Fritz Janschka.
Hausner joined the Art-Club and had his first one-man exhibition in Vienna. A key work of this period, It's me! (1948; Vienna, Hist. Mus.), shows his awareness of Pittura Metafisica and Surrealism in a psychoanalytical painting where the elongated being in the foreground penetrates what was apparently a real landscape, until it tears like a backdrop; another painting, Forum of Inward-turned Optics (1948; Vienna, Hist. Mus.), is evidence of his ability to depict the subject in a realist style while simultaneously overturning the laws of one-point perspective.
He married Hermine Jedliczka in 1951; their daughter Xenia Hausner, also an artist, was born the same year. After working on the painting for six years, he completed his masterpiece, The Ark of Odysseus, in 1956.
In 1957, Hausner painted his first "Adam" picture. He came into conflict with the Surrealist orthodoxy, who condemned as heretical his attempt to give equal importance to both conscious and unconscious processes. In 1959 he co-founded the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism together with his old surrealist group members. In 1962, Hausner met Paul Delvaux, René Magritte, Victor Brauner, and Dorothea Tanning while traveling in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. The 1st Burda Prize for Painting was awarded to him in 1967. In 1969, he was awarded the Prize of the City of Vienna. Shortly after, he separated from Hermine Jedliczka and moved to Hietzing together with his daughter Xenia and Anne Wolgast, whom he had met in Hamburg.
From 1966 until 1980, he was a guest professor at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg. He also taught at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. Hausner was awarded the Austrian State Prize for Painting in 1970.
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|Mr. Rudolf Hausner|
|Arka Odyseusza, (Arch of Odyssey) 1948|
|Forum optyki zwróconej do wnętrza (Interior Optics Forum), 1948|
|Ja jestem tym (I am the team), 1948|
|Adam w podróży (Adam in travel), 1963|
|Adam's Tree of Life, 1970|
|Gelber Narrenhut (Yellow fool hat), 1971|
| Adam masstäblich II (Adam true to scale II), 1973 |
|Adam Selbstdarsteller (Adam self-promoter), 1976|
|Hommage to Leonardo, 1977-81|
|Drzewo miłości (The Tree of Love), 1979|
|Malarz (Painter), 1980|
|Adam i pegaza (Adam and Pegasus), 1983|
| Adam niekochany syn - alegoria rzeczywista|
(Adam the Unloved Son - Actual Allegory) 1984
|Portret rodzinny (Family Portrait), 1985|
|Adam potrójnie obramowany (Adam triple edged), 1986|
|Twój cień (Your Shadow), 1986|
|Mlodszy marynarz (Junior seaman), 1988|
|Meine Mutter (My mother) 1989|
|labyrinth (detail), 1991|
|Adam Masowo, 1993|
|Adam vor den Autoritäten I (Adam before the authorities I), 1994|